The three most common types of fishing gear are static gear, encircling gear, and towed gear.
Static gear is designed to allow fish to swim into it or to attract fish with bait, who then become entangled in the gear.
Encircling gear is arranged in a circular pattern to encircle a shoal of fish or a large area of water or seabed. The circle is gradually closed up until the fish enclosed within it are captured.
Towed gear is towed through the water, either on or off the seabed, to overrun or herd the target species into the net.
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