The primary functions of a fishing leader are to shield your line from damage and to deceive the target species. You will need to tie a piece of the line called the leader onto the end of the line that is coming off of your reel. This piece of line is typically only a few feet long. Let's call it your reel line for the sake of simplicity in our explanation.
The other end of the leader is where you should attach your bait or lure. If you are fishing with lures that are intended to spin, you should attach a swivel between your line and your leader. A tippet is something that goes between your leader and your bait when you're fly fishing.
First, you need to secure the reel line, then the swivel, then the leader, and finally, you can attach the hook. When fly fishing, the reel line comes first, followed by the leader, then the tippet, and finally the hook.
When you use a leader that is thinner than your main line, it is more difficult for the fish to see what is attached to the bait when you are fishing. In an ideal situation, you want the fish to believe that what you are offering is its natural prey, whether that be an insect, a shrimp, or a baitfish.
In an ideal situation, you want the fish to believe that what you are offering is its natural prey, whether that be an insect, a shrimp, or a baitfish. The surprise will be ruined for the fish if it sees the bait followed by a large, thick line leading away from the bait and up to the surface.
The fish will then realize that something is going on. Fish are capable of learning, despite the fact that their intelligence is not typically given much credit. They are less likely to go for an obvious lure if they have already been hooked, as this makes them warier.
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